Science & Technology

Encinitas Country Day School facilities include a Science Lab with Vernier wireless lab equipment, Media Center/Computer Lab, Library with on-line research access, organic gardens and an on-campus conservation area with native habitat, a seasonal stream and access to the San Elijo Ecological Reserve. Students have age appropriate access to facilities and instruction at each level.

Lower School Science

Classroom materials to support aligned science curriculum content and Montessori “great stories” that provide students with a geologic perspective of their time and place in the universe, and include important lessons in biology, earth and physical science, make every day learning in our lower school classrooms challenging and fun. Visits to our science lab enrich classroom learning and provide experience using the scientific method.

Elementary I

Students begin their zoology and botany studies with the two kingdoms of life which they encounter most frequently in their own lives, plants and animals. Through experiments, charts, nomenclatures, and research projects they learn about types of plants, their needs, their life cycles, their parts and functions, and their importance as oxygen producers and food sources for other living things. Concurrently they learn about chordates (vertebrates) and non-chordates (invertebrates), the scientific classification system, the external and internal parts of the five classes of vertebrates, and their life cycles.

Life Science concepts are firmly tied to the children’s study of the history of life on Earth, as discussed in the Social Sciences curriculum overview. The six phyla of non-chordates are presented in the order in which they appear in the fossil record. The plant life of prehistoric earth is explored, with special emphasis on the types of plants, such as conifers and flowering plants, which most influenced the development of animal life. Animals and plants from the Paleozoic through the Cenozoic Eras are introduced with the Time Line of Life, and studied in depth through presentations, concrete materials, and research projects. Children learn the concepts of biomes and ecosystems, and the adaptations of plants and animals to the areas they inhabit. The evolution of human life is introduced with the Time Line of Humans, and the major stages of human development are explored and extensively researched. Finally, younger students are presented with the six kingdoms of life, in preparation for biology studies in the upper elementary levels.

Elementary II

Upper Elementary students begin their biology classes with a look at atoms as the basis of all matter, the formation of molecules, and the types and structures of cells. Their studies then focus on the first four kingdoms of life (archaeobacteria, eubacteria, protists, and fungi). The systems of chordates and non-chordates are compared and contrasted. Human anatomy and systems are presented. The plant kingdom gets another look, with a focus on the internal structures and cellular level biology. In addition, basic chemistry classes begin to prepare students for Middle School science requirements. Finally, Lower School students take an in-depth look at Ecology, the cycles of gas exchange, the biomes of the planet, how food chains work, and the impact of human activity on the ecosystem, as well as possible solutions when that impact is negative. All upper elementary classroom presentations are supplemented by laboratory classes in our fully equipped lab with our Middle School Science teacher, a wide variety of concrete materials such as charts and nomenclatures, and many opportunities for individual and group research projects.

Lower School Technology

Our students learn the basics of keyboarding in their classrooms. Technology classes provide students an opportunity to learn important computer-based programs for word processing, spreadsheets and database and progress in sophistication as students move through their school years. Technology instruction is translated cross-curriculum to support student projects in the Science Lab, Art Studio, Performing Arts and on stage, on iPad apps used for math and science classes and in using online research capabilities available through our Library, Media Center, and throughout the school.

Technology instruction helps students develop skills and master popular software such as Microsoft Office. Students learn to apply computer skills to core subjects such as reading, writing, and mathematics. Each lesson is aligned to current California State Standards in both the core subject and the technology skill. In fact, most technology skills are written into the state standards under each of the core subjects. To this end, we also incorporate class projects, research, essays, creative writing, and poetry into our computer classes. The end result is that students receive tangible and useful reinforcement of key academic concepts, while they progress toward technology literacy. In addition to their technology classes, students have access to computers in each classroom, and practice typing skills regularly on special keyboards, which are programmed to provide sequential lessons in keyboarding, opportunities for regular practice, and periodic testing.


Manchester Campus

  • 3616 Manchester Ave
  • Encinitas CA 92024
  • Ph: 760-942-1111

Encinitas Blvd Campus

  • 2155 Encinitas Blvd
  • Encinitas CA 92024
  • Ph: 760-942-2224